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The Neurobagel API


Neurobagel has two flavours of APIs that can be deployed: node API and federation API.

  • A Neurobagel node API (n-API) formulates SPARQL queries based on a set of user-defined parameters to a single connected graph database, and processes returned query results into a user-friendly format.
  • A Neurobagel federation API (f-API) lets the user sends a single query to each node API it is aware of, and collects and combines the decentralized responses into a single set of query results.

Neurobagel's query tool provides a GUI for querying one or more Neurobagel graphs by sending requests to a Neurobagel API instance (n-API OR f-API). However, HTTP requests can also be sent directly to a Neurobagel API (node or federation).

Public Neurobagel APIs

In addition to supporting independent local/institutional deployments (i.e., instances) of the Neurobagel API, which can interface with a local or restricted graph, Neurobagel also hosts its own public instances of a node API and a federation API. is a public, Neurobagel-hosted node API that interfaces with Neurobagel's own running graph instance containing harmonized datasets from the OpenNeuro platform.

Sending a request to a Neurobagel API directly

Cohort queries of a specific Neurobagel graph database can be submitted via direct requests to the corresponding node API using the /query endpoint, e.g. Specific query parameters are defined using key-value pairs in the URL following /query/.

Example: "I want to query for only female participants in the OpenNeuro graph."

The URL for such a query would be, where snomed:248152002 is a controlled term from the SNOMED CT vocabulary corresponding to female sex.

Example using a curl request

# To query for female participants in the graph

curl -X 'GET' \
  '' \
  -H 'accept: application/json'

# or
curl -L

Using the interactive Neurobagel API docs

Interactive documentation for a Neurobagel API (provided by Swagger UI) is available at the /docs endpoint (e.g., and can also be used to run queries against the graph.


For convenience, navigating to in the browser will automatically redirect you to the docs.

To send a request to the API from the docs interface, expand the query endpoint tab with the icon to view the parameters that can be set, and click "Try it out" and then "Execute" to execute a query.


Due to limitations of Swagger UI in displaying very large HTTP response bodies, queries with very few parameters sent using the interactive docs UI may be very slow or time out. If this is the case, try using a curl request or the query tool instead.